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Documentatie online - Internet prin satelit ONE WAY - Setare VPN linux

***********************************************************************
***   DOCUMENTATIE DE CONFIGURATIE PENTRU CONECTARE VPN-BizarNet        ***
***                                                    Linux                                                      ***
***                        Made By Marius Lazaroi (lmarius@elcom.ro)                           ***
***********************************************************************


De aici puteti lua versiunea text a acestei documentatii.


Pentru configurarea VPN pe Linux sunt necesare urmatoarele pachete:
    ppp-mppe-2.4.0-4.i386.rpm
    pptp-linux-1.0.3-1.i386.rpm
( pentru RedHat) sau surse pentru alte sisteme.

Se instaleaza cele doua pachete cu:
    rpm -i --force ppp-mppe-2.4.0-4.i386.rpm si
    rpm -i pptp-linux-1.0.3-1.i386.rpm

Dupa instalarea pachetelor se trece la configurarea lor:

[root@test]# pptp-command
1.) start
2.) stop
3.) setup
4.) quit
What task would you like to do?: 3
1.) List CHAP secrets
2.) Add a New CHAP secret
3.) Delete a CHAP secret
4.) List PPTP Tunnels
5.) Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel
6.) Delete a PPTP Tunnel
7.) Configure resolv.conf
8.) Select a default tunnel
9.) Quit
?: 5


Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel.

1.) Other
Which configuration would you like to use?: 1
Tunnel Name: [test] --- se inlocuieste cu ce nume doriti dvs pentru tunel
Server IP: 1.1.1.1 --- se inlocuieste cu adresa serverului de VPN

What route(s) would you like to add when the tunnel comes up?
This is usually a route to your internal network behind the PPTP server.
You can use TUNNEL_DEV and DEF_GW as in /etc/pptp.d/ config file
TUNNEL_DEV is replaced by the device of the tunnel interface.
DEF_GW is replaced by the existing default gateway.
The syntax to use is the same as the route(8) command.
Enter a blank line to stop.

route:
Local Name and Remote Name should match a configured CHAP secret.
Local Name is probably your NT domain\username.
NOTE: Any backslashes (\) must be doubled (\\).

Local Name: username - se inlocuieste cu utilizatorul pe care l-ati primit
Remote Name [PPTP]: 1.1.1.1 - se inlocuieste cu adresa serverului de VPN
Adding test - 1.1.1.1 - username - test

In cazul in care obtineti o eroare de genul

Insecure dependency in open while running with -T switch
at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 181, STDIN line 8.


se editeaza fisierul /usr/sbin/pptp-command si se scoate switch-ul -T din prima linie
#!/usr/bin/perl -wT

Se reia pe urma configurarea de la inceput:

[root@test]# pptp-command
1.) start
2.) stop
3.) setup
4.) quit
What task would you like to do?: 3
1.) List CHAP secrets
2.) Add a New CHAP secret
3.) Delete a CHAP secret
4.) List PPTP Tunnels
5.) Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel
6.) Delete a PPTP Tunnel
7.) Configure resolv.conf
8.) Select a default tunnel
9.) Quit
?: 5

Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel.
1.) Other
Which configuration would you like to use?: test
Argument "test" isn't numeric in numeric eq (==) at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 350, STDIN line 3.
Use of uninitialized value in hash element at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 372, STDIN line 3.
Use of uninitialized value in hash element at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 372, STDIN line 3.
Use of uninitialized value in hash element at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 373, STDIN line 3.
Use of uninitialized value in array dereference at /usr/sbin/pptp-command line 373, STDIN line 3.
Local Name and Remote Name should match a configured CHAP secret.
Local Name is probably your NT domain\username.
NOTE: Any backslashes (\) must be doubled (\\).


Local Name: username
Remote Name [PPTP]:
[root@xantic ppp]# pptp-command
1.) start
2.) stop
3.) setup
4.) quit
What task would you like to do?: 3
1.) List CHAP secrets
2.) Add a New CHAP secret
3.) Delete a CHAP secret
4.) List PPTP Tunnels
5.) Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel
6.) Delete a PPTP Tunnel
7.) Configure resolv.conf
8.) Select a default tunnel
9.) Quit
?: 5

Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel.

1.) Other
Which configuration would you like to use?: 1
Tunnel Name: test
Server IP: 1.1.1.1
What route(s) would you like to add when the tunnel comes up?
This is usually a route to your internal network behind the PPTP server.
You can use TUNNEL_DEV and DEF_GW as in /etc/pptp.d/ config file
TUNNEL_DEV is replaced by the device of the tunnel interface.
DEF_GW is replaced by the existing default gateway.
The syntax to use is the same as the route(8) command.
Enter a blank line to stop.
route:
Local Name and Remote Name should match a configured CHAP secret.
Local Name is probably your NT domain\username.
NOTE: Any backslashes (\) must be doubled (\\).

Local Name: username
Remote Name [PPTP]: 1.1.1.1
Adding test - 1.1.1.1 - username - 1.1.1.1
Added tunnel test
1.) List CHAP secrets
2.) Add a New CHAP secret
3.) Delete a CHAP secret
4.) List PPTP Tunnels
5.) Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel
6.) Delete a PPTP Tunnel
7.) Configure resolv.conf
8.) Select a default tunnel
9.) Quit
?: 8
1.) default
2.) star
3.) uicont
4.) test
5.) new-tunel
6.) cancel
Which tunnel do you want to be the default?: 4
1.) List CHAP secrets
2.) Add a New CHAP secret
3.) Delete a CHAP secret
4.) List PPTP Tunnels
5.) Add a NEW PPTP Tunnel
6.) Delete a PPTP Tunnel
7.) Configure resolv.conf
8.) Select a default tunnel
9.) Quit
?: q
[root@test/]#

Se editeaza fisierul /etc/ppp/options si se pun urmatoarele optiuni:

lock
debug
nodetach
require-pap

Se editeaza fisierul /etc/ppp/pap-secrets si se lasa doar urmatoare linie in fisier

username * secrets *

In acest moment configurarea este gata si se poate trece la startarea conexiunii de VPN

[root@test/]# pptp-command start default

si se realizeaza conexiunea

Dupa realizarea conexiunii trebuie modificata tabela de routare pentru a functiona corespunzator toate serviciile pe aceasta conexiune.

Toate acestea se pot pune in /etc/ppp/ip-up.local si /etc/ppp/ip-down.local

/etc/ppp/ip-up.local
#!/bin/bash
/sbin/route add -net 1.1.1.0/24 gw localgw
--- unde 1.1.1.0.24 este clasa din care face parte serverul de vpn si localgw este adresa de gateway local inainte de conectare
/sbin/route del default
/sbin/route add default gw ppp0addr - ppp0addr adresa care se primeste pe legatura ppp dupa conectare la VPN


Ii multumim lui Marius Lazaroi pentru sprijinul acrodat prin aceasta documentatie.

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